Amsterdam is a beautiful city. However, part of its old glory was lost due to the intensive use of space and the demands placed upon it in terms of accessibility. AMFORA (Alternative Multi Functional Underground Space Amsterdam) makes it possible to realise the desired improvements in the living environment without making the city less accessible.

Own initiative
Self initiated
453 Doorsnede 800x600
Amfora Amstel 1
Invulling ondergrond amfora


AMFORA is a solution with far-reaching potential. It is a very innovative and sustainable solution for improving the above-ground living environment in Amsterdam. Last but not least, it is also technically and economically feasible. The solution recalls some of the old glory of the city of Amsterdam without ignoring the needs of the modern age. It also means that environmental zones are redundant. The concept is specific to Amsterdam, but it can also be used to achieve the same goal in other cities.

Amsterdam is circumscribed by the A10 Ring Road. In this part of the city, it is possible to create an underground system under the canals made up of different routes on different layers. From slip roads on the A10 Ring Road, the traffic can travel underground – for example, at Amstel − and then stay underground. From these radial slip roads, the traffic can fan out to the left and right.

AMFORA consists of six layers, three of which can be used as parking space and the other three for all kinds of functions. This might include shops, parking facilities, sport halls, cinemas, provisioning, archive storage, air-raid shelters, cables and pipes, people transport − the possibilities are endless. Moving functions underground also presents all kinds of possibilities for spatial developments above ground! In this way, the infrastructure can be relocated underground, giving rise to the ‘City under the City’.

AMFORA does not have to be just a far-off dream, as is shown by a number of technical and economic feasibility studies based on the latest technological developments in the field of 3D modelling, road safety systems, traffic supervision, lightings and projection systems and energy and climate concepts.